Turrialba (Cartago, Costa Rica)

View of the Turrialba volcano's West Crater and its plume emission on the sunset

Volcano: Turrialba (see Turrialba at the Smithsonian Institution website in a new tab)
Type: Volcanic Plume
Description: Turrialba lies on the Central America Volcanic Front. It is a stratovolcano that has seen increased fumarolic activity over 2002, with new fumarolic vents and fractures opening in and outside of the West Crater area in January 2010 and 2012, respectively. From 2007 on, after the hydrothermal stage which characterized the fumarolic discharge since at least the 1980s until fall 2001 (e.g. Cheminée et al., 1983; Vaselli et al., 2010), both composition and high temperature (up to 800 °C) of the fumaroles indicate that the gases are directly supplied from the magma chamber with only limited interaction with the hydrothermal system.

Point of contact for this site:
Maria Martinez-Cruz, mmartine@una.cr (Observatorio Vulcanológico y Sismológico de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional)

Number of measurements: 5
Measurement date (d/m/y) Added by Added on
Turrialba_1903201319/3/2013 Emanuela Bagnato Oct. 2, 2014
Turrialba_1203201312/3/2013 Emanuela Bagnato Oct. 2, 2014
Turrialba_1203201312/3/2013 Emanuela Bagnato Nov. 13, 2016
Turrialba_020420132/4/2013 Emanuela Bagnato Nov. 13, 2016
Turrialba_010120131/1/2013 Emanuela Bagnato Sept. 10, 2020

Bibliographic references for this site

Robidoux P. , A. Aiuppa, V. Conde, B. Galle, G. Giudice, G. Avard, A. Muñoz, 2014,First volcanic CO2 budget estimate for three atively degassing volcanoes in the Central American Volcanic Arc , EGU General Assembly_Abstract, vol.id.1480

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